عنوان مقاله [English]
The type of relationship between the offender and victim influences the different, measures and decisions made during the process. “The social structure of Case (lawsuit) theory” presented it scientifically. The present study, following this theory as well as research conducted on this field, has studied the effect of the Relational distance on forgiveness and compromise in the crimes of assault and battery. Accordingly, 80 cases were studied and 9 experts in this field were interviewed. The data of the research were collected and analyzed by the quantitative methods such as designing questionnaires and qualitative methods such as document analysis (judicial cases) and deep interviews.
The findings of the research indicated that relationship between litigants, contrary to the research hypothesis, is ineffective on forgiveness and compromise in early steps of criminal handling but, in latest steps of process, some of the intimates achieving forgiveness and reconciliation in these cases.